November 2013

NOVEMBER 2013 UNEMPLOYMENT DATA*
(U.S. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS)

OFFICIAL UNEMPLOYMENT: 7.0%*
A year earlier, the number of unemployed persons was 12.0 million,
and the jobless rate was 7.7 percent. [BLS]

White

     6.2%

African American

12.5%

Hispanic

8.7%

Asian**

                          5.3%

Persons with a disability**

    12.3%

Men 20 years and over

6.7%

Women 20 years and over

6.2%

Teens (16-19 years)

20.8%

Black teens

35.8%

Officially unemployed

10.9 million

 

 

*If the LFPR were at its pre-recession level, the unemployment rate in September 2013 would have been 10.2% instead of 7.2%. [See “The Labor Force Participation Rate and Its Trajectory”]

HIDDEN UNEMPLOYMENT

Working part-time because can’t find a full-time job:  7.7 million
People who want jobs but are not looking so are not counted in official statistics (of which about 2.1 million** searched for work during the prior 12 months and were available for work during the reference week.)  5.8 million

Total: 24.4 million (15.2% of the labor force)

Source: http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/empsit.pdf See also Current Employment Statistics–Highlights

**Not seasonally adjusted.
*See Uncommon Sense #4 for an explanation of the unemployment measures, and Is the Decline in the Labor Force Participation Rate During This Recession Permanent?.

In addition, millions more were working full-time, year-round, yet earned less than the official poverty level for a family of four. In 2012, the latest year available, that number was 18.0 million, 17.5 percent of full-time, full-year workers (estimated from Current Population Survey, Bur. of the  Census, 9/2013).

In September 2013, the latest month available, the number of job openings was 3.9 million, “little changed from August. The number of job openings decreased in arts, entertainment and recreation and was little changed in all remaining industries and in all four regions.” Job Openings and Labor Turnover Summary, November 22, 2013.+

Thus there are about 6.25 job-wanters for each available job.

MISSING WORKERS: 
THE MISSING PART OF THE UNEMPLOYMENT STORY

Private Payroll Employment Has Grown For 44 Months cbpp 11/13

Long-Term Unemployment Remains High

The Share of the Population with a Job Fell to Levels Not Seen Since the Mid-1980s

Labor Force Participation Rate vs. Unemployment Rate 9/6/13

Unemployment-rate-Labor-participation-rate_chartbuilder

GDP Fell Far Below What the Economy Was Capable of Producing

+“The number of job openings in [in September] (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the year for total nonfarm and total private, and was little changed in government.  Over the year, the number of job openings increased in several industries but decreased in nondurable goods manufacturing and federal government.  The Midwest region experienced an increase in job openings over the 12 months ending in September.”

 

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