AUGUST 2014 UNEMPLOYMENT DATA*
(U.S. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS)
OFFICIAL UNEMPLOYMENT: 6.1%*
A year earlier, the number of unemployed persons was 11.3 million,
and the jobless rate was 7.2 percent. [BLS]
|Persons with a disability**||
|Men 20 years and over||
|Women 20 years and over||
|Teens (16-19 years)||
*If the LFPR were at its pre-recession level, the unemployment rate in July 2014 would have been 9.6% instead of 6.2%. [See “The Labor Force Participation Rate and Its Trajectory”]
|Working part-time because can’t find a full-time job:||7.3 million|
|People who want jobs but are not looking so are not counted in official statistics (of which about 2.1 million** searched for work during the prior 12 months and were available for work during the reference week.)||6.3 million|
|Total: 23.2 million (14.3% of the labor force)|
Source: http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/empsit.pdf See also Current Employment Statistics–Highlights
**Not seasonally adjusted.
*See Uncommon Sense #4 for an explanation of the unemployment measures, and Is the Decline in the Labor Force Participation Rate During This Recession Permanent?.
In addition, millions more were working full-time, year-round, yet earned less than the official poverty level for a family of four. In 2012, the latest year available, that number was 18.0 million, 17.5 percent of full-time, full-year workers (estimated from Current Population Survey, Bur. of the Census, 9/2013).
In June 2014, the latest month available, the number of job openings was 4.7 million, “little changed from 4.6 million in May.” The number of job openings (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in June 2014 for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The job openings level increased for more than half of the industries but decreased for retail trade. The number of job openings increased in all four regions.” Job Openings and Labor Turnover Summary, August 12, 2014.+ Thus there are 5 job-wanters for each available job.
+“Over the 12 months ending in May, the number of job openings (not seasonally adjusted) rose for total nonfarm, total private, and government. Over the year, the job openings level increased in nearly half of theindustries and in all four regions.”(http://www.bls.gov/news.release/jolts.nr0.htm)