May 2023 Unemployment Data–the Full Count
(U.S. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS)
OFFICIAL UNEMPLOYMENT: 3.7%* [ANALYSES by EXPERTS]
|Persons with a disability¹||
|Men 20 years and over||
|Women 20 years and over||
|Teens (16-19 years)||
|Working part-time because can’t find a full-time job:||3.7 million|
|People who want jobs but are not looking so are not counted in official statistics (of which 1.5 million¹ searched for work during the prior 12 months and were available for work during the reference week.)||5.5 million|
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, The Employment Situation–April 2023
Source: http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/empsit.pdf For BLS State and area data, see Geographic Information and State Unemployment Summary and Current Unemployment Rates for States and Historical Highs/Lows, Seasonally Adjusted
¹Not seasonally adjusted. Marginally Attached workers want work and are available, have looked for work within the last 12 months, but not during “the 4 weeks preceding the survey.”
WORKING BUT IN POVERTY: In addition, millions more were working full-time, year-round, yet earned less than the official poverty level for a family of four. In 2021, that number was 15.3 million, 13 percent of full-time, full-year workers (estimated from Current Population Survey, Bur. of the Census). The poverty threshold in 2021 was $27,740 for a family of four.
HOW MANY JOBS ARE AVAILABLE? In April 2023, the latest month available, the number of job openings was 10.1 million. (Job Openings and Labor Turnover Summary, May 31, 2023). Thus there are 1.5 job-wanters for each available job. See also JOLTS Experimental State Estimates [However, see Could 300,000 Job Openings Be Fake? Here’s Why Goldman Thinks They Might Be]
HOW UNEMPLOYMENT IS MEASURED: Unemployment is measured as a percent of the civilian non-institutional labor force. The unemployed are those who have not worked at least an hour during the week of record, when a sample survey is taken, and who have looked for work during that month. The labor force includes those 16 years old and older who are either working or unemployed. It excludes those in institutions, like nursing homes or prisons, and those in the military. The latter two groups would in all likelihood experience high unemployment. Merely adding the incarcerated would add about one-half percentage point to the unemployment rate.